291 Union St, Marshfield, MA 02050, USA
Owned By: The Trustees
68 acres on the North River, owned by The Trustees, with salt marsh and upland forest. Founded in 1640 by the Hatch family, Two Mile Farm, derives its name from rights granted to the Town of Scituate (whose boundaries encompassed the farm until 1788) to harvest salt hay “two miles along the river and one mile inland on each side.”
The Trustees (formerly Trustees of Reservations) acquired this 68-acre property in 1995. Narrow trails and wide cart paths pass through a white pine woodland, with occasional hemlock, oak and beech. Look for the remains of old stone walls. The trails slope down to the marsh’s edge, affording broad views of the North River and Stetson Meadows.
If it weren’t for the salt hay along the rivers, the 17th century European settlers probably would not have survived here. There was very little unforested land, and what they managed to clear, they needed for growing crops for human consumption. Thus they fed their livestock salt marsh hay. (It was also used for roof thatch and wall insulation.) By the late 1600s, land rights had been granted to all of the area’s salt marshes. Ditches were cut to serve as property boundaries. Thus, Two Mile, one of Marshfield's many villages, earned its name. From 1640 to 1788, a parcel two miles long and one mile wide (measured from midstream in the river to the upland) was deeded to South Scituate (Norwell), for salt haying rights.
If you’re in the mood for a walk in the woods, the combined 79-acre Two Mile Farm and Jose Carreiro Woodland are worthy of your consideration. You can begin your walk on either property, however if you set off from Two Mile, you’ll finish your walk on a long uphill! From the parking area, follow the trail into the woods. For guidance, watch for the white trail markers posted on trees. Head downhill, bearing right at the first intersection, and continue until you get close to the river. There, the trail veers to the left (avoid the private property on your right). Look for a narrow trail along the edge of the upland, where you'll be treated to occasional views of the marsh. (Another option is to remain on the wider, more direct trail.) Both will eventually bring you to the entrance to the Jose Carreiro Woodland. You can continue to follow the trail along the edge of the upland through Carreiro -- it will eventually loop back to this spot -- or for a shorter walk, you can turn left here and head uphill on a different trail, and eventually back to the parking area. When you get finally to the top of the hill (it’s a long, slow climb) spend some time at the kiosk reading about the property’s history.
Habitats and Wildlife
Many colorful wildflowers sprout here in the springtime. Watch for deer grazing in the salt marsh or in the forest. Numerous small mammals call this woodland home. Listen for the chattering of the marsh wrens, which abound in this part of the marsh, and all the way up to the freshwater marshes in Pembroke and Hanover.
As you travel upstream from the mouth of the river, first you enter the estuary -- extensive salt marshes. The farther upriver you go, the more the salt water from the ocean mixes with the fresh water from upstream. As the water becomes less salty, the marsh plants slowly change as well. In the saltier parts of the marsh, closer to the mouth, the dominant plants are the Spartinas -- the smooth cordgrass and salt marsh hay. At Two Mile Farm, you begin to see other, less salt-tolerant plants, including narrow-leaf cattail and phragmites.
Historic Site: No
Boat Launch: No
Size: 68 acres
Hours: Dawn to Dusk
Parking: Limited on-site parking. Look for the property sign on Union Street. The driveway leads to a small gravel lot.
Trail Difficulty: Easy, Medium
Facilities: Benches are located in three locations in the trail system.
Boat Ramp: No
ADA Access: No
Scenic Views: Yes