2 Indian Head Dr, Hanover, MA 02339, USA
Owned By: Town of Hanover
Fifty acres of state and locally-owned conservation land along the Indian Head River with 2 miles of intersecting trails. Long ago, the North River-built steamship Mattakeesett delivered iron ingots to the Hanover forges. It would travel upstream all the way to Chapman’s Landing, the westernmost shipping point on the river.
Adjacent to this site is the Hanover Public Launch, an ideal place to launch your canoe or kayak to access the Indian Head River, the North River, Herring Brook, and freshwater tidal marsh that surrounds The Crotch. The Indian Head River between Chapman’s Landing and Luddam’s Ford is a popular spot for shad fishing.
In centuries past, Chapman’s Landing was popular spot for swimming, until the industrial refuse from the Clapp Rubber Mill upstream (1873+) made swimming extremely unappealing.
Iron Mine Brook flows into the Indian Head River at this spot. It rises in Randall’s Swamp in Hanover, and flows through the town conservation lands off Broadway (Folly Hill/Bog Iron Trails). There are several opportunities to view, and cross, the brook within this property. There are also several striking views of the lower reaches of the Indian Head River.
From the trailhead near the parking area, the Iron Mine Brook Trail heads through the woods, crossing the brook twice, and also crossing Riverside Drive. At the edge of the property, it intersects with an old railroad bed and eventually loops back around. You can return the way you came, or veer off to the left, to access the Chapman’s Landing Trails.
Chapman’s Landing also has a trailhead near the parking area. There are several intersecting paths that loop through woods and wetlands, with views of the Indian Head River, the North River, and the freshwater tidal marsh that surrounds them. This property borders Hanover Water Protection land. Please respect the signage and fencing that demarcates it.
The trails are blazed in green and red. Some are wide and clear; others are narrow and rooty. Be sure to follow the red spur trail to the edge of the Indian Head River, where there is an old ship landing. You’ll know it when you see it, because it is made up of hundreds and hundreds of large rounded stones.
Habitats and Wildlife
The forest here is primarily pine, with some oak, beech, holly, and the occasional cedar. Look for high bush blueberry in season. There are some old stone walls, where you might see critters.
The Iron Mine Brook is a groundwater fed, cold, freshwater tributary to the Indian Head River. This type of stream habitat supports eastern brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis), which is part of the salmon family. They depend on cold, clean, oxygen-rich water to live and cannot live in water temperatures above 68°F. Once abundant in Massachusetts and highly valued by fishermen, eastern brook trout populations are now diminished in eastern Massachusetts due to habitat loss and are considered a species in need of conservation.
In 2017, the North and South Rivers Watershed Association, the town of Hanover, the Sheehan Family Foundation and the Southeastern Mass Trout Unlimited Chapter 241 removed a culvert that fragmented the brook’s habitat, opening the stream to allow fish refuge from the warmer waters of the Indian Head River during the summer and access to the brackish waters downstream in the North River. (Check out this link to a restoration project.)
Other habitat issues still remain due to the groundwater wells for the town of Hanover’s drinking water upstream. In the summertime, flows are diminished by increased water consumption, in particular for irrigation of lawns. Conserving water will help ensure this iconic species remains a part of our natural heritage.
To fully experience the “cold water brook,” and feel the difference in temperatures, go to the Hanover Canoe Launch and get in the water. As you wade in, notice the temperature of the water — which has been heated by the damming of the river upstream. Then wade over to the left, where Iron Mine Brook enters the Indian Head. It’s much cooler! You can immediately detect about a 10 degree difference in temperature. This cooler, oxygen-rich water affords brook trout some respite during the warmer months. (They cannot live in water temperatures about 70 degrees.)
Historic Site: Yes
Boat Launch: No
Hours: Dawn to Dusk
Parking: Ample on-site parking at the end of Indian Head Drive.
Trail Difficulty: Easy
Boat Ramp: No
ADA Access: No
Scenic Views: Yes