Historical Sites

White’s Ferry

1250 Ferry St, Marshfield, MA 02050, USA

Owned By: Town of Marshfield

A ferry service operated here from 1638 to 1888. Probably the oldest North River shipyards, including those of the Hall and Keene families, were located here as well. This was a prime location for shipbuilding, near the original river mouth. The 21-ton Mattakeesett, the only steamboat built on the river, was constructed at White’s Ferry in 1839. A plaque marks the site.

Features

In 1638, a ferry boat employed in transporting both men and cattle operated between Marshfield and Scituate here at the narrowest place in the North River (now the South River) -- the location of today's Sea Street Bridge. At the time, the location was known as New Harbor Marsh. Jonathan Brewster was the first ferryman. He was the son of Elder Brewster of Mayflower fame. He sold the ferry service in 1641 to Barker and Howell. Ralph Chapman later ran the ferry service, and then in 1712 Benjamin White, grandson of Peregrine White, took over.

There was a shipyard at White’s Ferry as early as 1705. The sloop Mary & Abigail (40 tons) was built that year. Simeon Keene built ships in 1787, beginning with the schooner Neptune (64 tons). Then from 1825-40 the Hall Family (mostly Luke, plus William and Samuel) built ships there. The only steamboat built on the North River was built there in 1839, the Mattakees, or Mattakeesett (21 tons). The steamboat was intended to be put to use towing new vessels downriver, but this proved to be difficult because the winding course of the river did not permit an ample length of tow line. The Mattakees was sold and put to use in Boston Harbor instead.

White's Ferry Shipyard also produced spars, sails, cordage and rigging. Ships built upstream were often rigged here, and many also had their masts stepped, before setting out to sea. The painting featured here on the website is an artist's rendering of White's Ferry in shipyards days by W. Ray Freden. It is used with permission.

The ferry was replaced in 1888 by the bridge from Marshfield to Humarock Beach. The bridge was constructed by The Fourth Cliff Land Company, to whom the town gave a quitclaim deed to “all the land or Hummocks below Fourth Cliff between the North River and the ocean to low water mark.” The bridge was built to service the resort hotel, Hotel Humarock. Over the bridge from Marshfield, it was on the right.

The bridge was replaced in 1952, and formally dedicated as the Captain Frederick Stanley Bridge in 1998, to mark the 100th Anniversary of the Portland Gale. (It was named in honor of the Captain of Humarock's Lifesaving Station, 1880s-1910s.) The bridge was replaced again in 2007.

In the early days of Plymouth Colony, the Pilgrim Trail, also known as Green Harbor Path, was the main route from Plymouth to Scituate. From North Plymouth, it followed the coastline through Kingston, crossing the Jones River near Rocky Nook at a location known as the Wading Place. It continued through Duxbury along a route west of today's Tremont Street/3A, and crossed into Marshfield at Careswell Street. Heading north through Marshfield, it crossed the Green Harbor River near today's Bourne Park Ave. and crossed the South River at a spot called Valley Bars. From there it proceeded along the base of Snake Hill (Telegraph Hill) to White's Ferry. After the ferry crossing at what was then the North River (now the South River), it proceeded along Humarock's barrier beach, crossing into Scituate's mainland between Fourth and Third Cliffs (the present location of the North River mouth). From there, it led to the Scituate First Church. This road was formally designated by Plymouth Colony in 1637. It was probably the first court-ordered road in America.

Packet ship lines were established prior to 1670, and thrived until railroads came to the South Shore in the mid-to-late 1800s. Over time, White's Ferry, Little's Bridge, Union Bridge, Hobart's Landing, Foster's Landing, Job's Landing, Brick-Kiln Yard, and the North River Bridge in Hanover became regular stops. White's Ferry was one of the most important landings. According to Joseph Foster Merritt, "much freight was left there." Farmers would meet the packet ship and barter their home-grown vegetables and dairy products for goods from China and Mediterranean, such as coffee, sugar and spices. In addition to home-grown goods, packet pilots also bought wood, fish, pot iron, and charcoal from locals, and sold them lumber and ship supplies. A typical packet run, up and down the river, could take three or four days.

Trail Description

No trails but you can walk across the bridge.

Habitats and Wildlife

The South River, like the North River, is a beautiful tidal estuary where wildlife abounds! Paddling or boating on this estuary allows you to go shellfishing, fishing or just exploring. Downstream there are salt marshes and numerous creeks, host to egrets and blue heron. You might even see a bald eagle! Soft shell clams, better known as "steamers," hardshell clams, as well as razor clams can be found in the tidal flats, and can be harvested with a permit between November 1ts and May 31st.

1250 Ferry St, Marshfield, MA 02050, USA

Historic Site: Yes

Park: No

Beach: No

Boat Launch: No

Lifeguards: No

Hours: Dawn to Dusk

Parking: Limited public parking on Sea Street and across the bridge on Marshfield Ave.

Cost: Free

Trail Difficulty: Easy

Facilities: No

Dogs: Yes

Boat Ramp: No

ADA Access: Yes

Scenic Views: Yes

Other Things to Do at This Site